Unfortunately, real grass needs high maintenance and a lot of time which is something many of us do not have. That is why many turn to the affordable and quick solution that artificial turf provides. However, if you are wondering how to lay artificial grass, then this easy-to-follow guide is for you.
How to lay Artificial Grass:
Using the right tools can make turf last for decades. You will most likely have to purchase tools and accessories designed specifically for artificial turf, as they will ensure proper artificial grass installation.
Following are the required tools:
- Seam tape.
- A sharp cutting blade/ Stanley knife.
- Geotextile membrane – it will allow water to pass through, and prevent weeds from growing in between grass edges.
- Knee pads and gloves.
- Screws/ Turf Nails.
- Artificial grass adhesive.
- Sand/ Glue spreader.
- Turf Cutter.
Artificial grass installation
Before you start, choose where you want to put down the fake grass. Either you want to cover a small section of your garden, or you want the turf to cover your whole lawn, the choice is yours.
Artificial grass comes in a diverse range of pile heights. A roll of fake grass is usually 25m long and 1 to 4m wide. Longer grass is around 30mm, and shorter is 16-27mm.
However, to ensure you purchase the right amount of turf, you need to find out how much space you need to cover.
You can also measure your particularised area by using a tape measure, or you can map out using a ‘plot on a grid’ system. (Do not forget to make sure the calculations are correct in the end)
Determine the type of soil
Identifying what type of ground you have underneath is one important pre-installation step. You will need to find out how well it will drain to know what kind of sand or stone aggregate you will need.
(This step is necessary if you want to lay the turf directly over the soil, not when you have chosen to install it over a concrete surface).
Preparing the surface for artificial grass installation
Before you lay your new turf, you need to prepare the surface by following simple steps:
Clear the area
Move yard furniture, rocks, ornamental garden items, or anything that is blocking access to the lawn area away from the space you will be turfing.
If you are replacing real grass with an artificial alternative, dig out the turf down to about 100 mm with the help of a spade or turf cutter. It will make sure your artificial grass looks naturally tall and even.
Prepare the base
The base preparation method will vary upon the type of soil. Usually, these are of two kinds:
- Sand-based – To create the base, you can use 50 mm of sharp sand.
- Clay-based – As clay soil does not drain well at all, you would need to add an extra stone layer beneath the surface. It should consist of type 1 stone, with a depth of 50-100 mm.
Level the base
For best results, make sure your base is smooth and level while laying artificial turf.
- To level the soil, Shake-out a thin layer over the area and coat evenly using a garden rake until it fills out.
- Using your feet and the flat side of the rake, tamp down and compact the soil.
- Mildly water and leave it to settle.
Install weed membrane
Once the base is compacted, fit a protective weed membrane underneath the turf. It will not only protect your artificial lawn from weeds but will also provide additional solidity to the base.
When placing the sheets, make sure they overlap by around 30 cm.
Fitting Artificial Grass
Roll out artificial turf
Artificial turf usually comes in big rolls. For installation, you need to roll them out and secure them.
- Place the turf in one corner and roll it out until it reaches the other end. You may need to join two pieces of turf together if you have a large desired area. You can do this with the help of glue, tape or an artificial grass adhesive.
- Let the grass settle for 2-3 hours or leave it for the night for better outcomes.
- Take a sharp knife and neatly trim the edges once the grass is unrolled and settled.
Attach the rolls
To fix your artificial grass in position, you need to glue the separate pieces together by using joining tape and a suitable adhesive.
- Cut some rows of stitches off the two pieces. After that, fold back the edges.
- Lay down the joining tape and fold back the joining edges by about 30cm. Make sure the shiny side is face down.
- Spread the glue evenly on the joining tape. You can also use a scraper or apply it with a cartridge gun. Make sure each roll covers about 5 cm of the tape for a firm bond.
- Try not to get any glue on the grass blades. It could damage them.
- Pressurise the adhesive by lightly brushing over the seam.
Pin the artificial turf
- If you have chosen a timber frame, secure the grass to it with screws or turf nails, placed 15-20 cm apart.
- If you’ve chosen concrete framing, stick the grass to the horizontal haunch of your edging block.
- Alternatively, use a hammer to secure pins on the ground about 20-30 cm away from the corners.
- Lastly, brush the grass again to hide the presence of extra pins.
Artificial grass requires low maintenance as compared to the real lawn. While artificial grass does not require watering or mowing like real lawns, there is still some upkeep required to make sure your grass stays in high-grade condition.
- Regularly (once a week or every other week) brush your grass with a broom or plastic rake, it will help to keep the fibres straight and even.
- Get rid of any surface leaves, debris and other dirt particles with a broom or a leaf rake.
- Rinse frequently.
- Avoid placing bulky garden furniture, trampolines or sharp objects on the grass.
- When choosing artificial grass, always make sure to pick a one which is fire-resistant. But just because your turf is fire-resistant, it does not mean that hot objects or will not harm it. Ensure that fire or any overheated object do not come into contact with your grass.
P.S: If you are looking for an artificial grass installation service, head out to https://comfygrass.com/.